Runway/Taxiway Incursion

A runway/taxiway incursion is the unauthorized entry onto a runway or taxiway by an aircraft, vehicle or person. Airport operations department or airport management controls runway and taxiway vehicle access.

 

WHAT IS A RUNWAY INCURSION?

ANY OCCURRENCE AT AN AIRPORT INVOLVING:

Aircraft, vehicle, person or object on the ground that creates a collision hazard or results in loss of separation with an aircraft taking off, intending to take off, landing, or intending to land.

 

SAFEGUARD AGAINST INCURSIONS

  • Be aware of problem locations for aircraft, vehicles, and pedestrians. Be familiar with runway/taxiway geometry and complex intersections.
  • Use standard radio communications and airport operating procedures. Ensure effective airfield communications.;
  • Install airfield signs and markings and keep them properly maintained. Identify and understand airfield symbols.
  • Restrict pedestrian and vehicle access to Aircraft Movement Area. Allow access to only those persons and vehicles necessary for operations.
  • Establish rules and procedures for pedestrians and vehicle operators on the airport. Ensure that all employees and users are familiar with them.
  • Offer initial and recurrent airfield familiarization to all airport employees and users. Review and practice airfield driving procedures and be knowledgeable of airfield symbols.

 

RUNWAY INCURSION CATEGORIES

– OPERATIONAL ERRORS (OE)

Occurrence where less than required separation between two aircraft, an aircraft and terrain, or when a pilot is instructed to depart a closed runway.

-OPERATIONAL DEVIATIONS (OD)

Occurrence where separation is maintained, but an aircraft, vehicle, equipment or personnel enters active landing area without coordination.

-PILOT DEVIATIONS (PD)

Action of a pilot that results in violation of a Federal Aviation Regulation.

– VEHICLE/PEDESTRIAN DEVIATIONS (VPD)

Vehicle operator or pedestrian who goes onto movement area without ATC approval.

 

Reference Material:

49 CFR Part 139 Certification of Airports

AC No: 150/5210-20 Ground Vehicle operations on Airports

AC No: 150/5210-5B Painting, Marking, and Lighting of Vehicles used on an Airport

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