A runway/taxiway incursion is the unauthorized entry onto a runway or taxiway by an aircraft, vehicle or person. Airport operations department or airport management controls runway and taxiway vehicle access.
WHAT IS A RUNWAY INCURSION?
ANY OCCURRENCE AT AN AIRPORT INVOLVING:
Aircraft, vehicle, person or object on the ground that creates a collision hazard or results in loss of separation with an aircraft taking off, intending to take off, landing, or intending to land.
SAFEGUARD AGAINST INCURSIONS
- Be aware of problem locations for aircraft, vehicles, and pedestrians. Be familiar with runway/taxiway geometry and complex intersections.
- Use standard radio communications and airport operating procedures. Ensure effective airfield communications.;
- Install airfield signs and markings and keep them properly maintained. Identify and understand airfield symbols.
- Restrict pedestrian and vehicle access to Aircraft Movement Area. Allow access to only those persons and vehicles necessary for operations.
- Establish rules and procedures for pedestrians and vehicle operators on the airport. Ensure that all employees and users are familiar with them.
- Offer initial and recurrent airfield familiarization to all airport employees and users. Review and practice airfield driving procedures and be knowledgeable of airfield symbols.
RUNWAY INCURSION CATEGORIES
– OPERATIONAL ERRORS (OE)
Occurrence where less than required separation between two aircraft, an aircraft and terrain, or when a pilot is instructed to depart a closed runway.
-OPERATIONAL DEVIATIONS (OD)
Occurrence where separation is maintained, but an aircraft, vehicle, equipment or personnel enters active landing area without coordination.
-PILOT DEVIATIONS (PD)
Action of a pilot that results in violation of a Federal Aviation Regulation.
– VEHICLE/PEDESTRIAN DEVIATIONS (VPD)
Vehicle operator or pedestrian who goes onto movement area without ATC approval.
49 CFR Part 139 Certification of Airports
AC No: 150/5210-20 Ground Vehicle operations on Airports
AC No: 150/5210-5B Painting, Marking, and Lighting of Vehicles used on an Airport